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Each month, I will try to add 10 items of interest usually not found in your normal reading about the American Civil War or in your High School or College history books. This and other trivia can be found in the Civil War Fact Book by Rod Gragg.

1. On Monday, May 20, 1861, in an effort to uncover Confederate sympathizers and agents, U.S Marshals, in a coordinated action, entered telegraph offices across the North and seized telegrams sent during the past year.

2. On April 26, 1865, Confederate President Jefferson Davis presided over the Confederate cabinet for the last time while passing through Charlotte, North Carolina after the fall of Richmond.

3. Just prior to the beginning of the Civil War, after a succession of professional failures, Ulysses S. Grant was living in Galena, Illinois, where he was a clerk in a leather goods store owned by his father and managed by his younger brother, Orvil. Just three years later, he would be General-in Chief of the United States Army and seven years later would be elected President of the United States.

4. Confederate President Jefferson Davis was imprisoned for more than two years after the Civil War ended.

5. At the second inaugural speech delivered by Vice-President Andrew Johnson, the crowd attending had difficulty understanding the speech. Johnson had been prescribed whiskey by a physician as a treatment for a minor medical condition in which he exceeded the dosage, rendering him somewhat intoxicated which caused him to deliver a rambling and sometimes incoherent inaugural speech.

6. The mortality rate for Union soldiers in Confederate Prison camps was approximately 15%. Of the 194,000 Federal troops in Southern prison camps, approximately 30,000 did not survive. Of the 214,000 Confederate troops imprisoned in the North, approximately 26,000, 12%, died in captivity.

7. Beards were temporarily in style during the Civil War and came to characterize the officers of both sides.

8. The population of the United States on the ever of the Civil War, according to the 1860 census, was 31,443,321. States which would remain Union had a total population of 22,339,989 while the states which would form the Confederacy had a total of 9,103,332 which included 3,521,110 slaves.

9. Of all the soldiers who served in the Union Army during the Civil War, the largest group, almost 40%, was composed of young men who were twenty-one years old or younger.

10. When the Civil War began, Clara Barton was a clerk in the U.S Patent Office in Washington D.C. She was later instrumental in the formation of the American Red Cross.

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